Pond management is more than building a pond, waiting for it to fill with water then introducing and filling it with fish. For you to gain the most from your pond, you must be prepared to invest some time and money. Here are some tips for good pond management.
Good pond management depends on the pond site, therefore it is advisable that farmers put into consideration where they construct there pounds. Getting experts to help you with these is suitable as they will help you in identifying a site that has the right suitability and also help you in designing the pond. The Natural Resource Conservative Service should be able to help.
Plant grass on the edges of the pond to prevent soil erosion. Make sure that the pond is constructed where there is adequate water. If surface runoff is the source of water then make sure that the contributing drainage area is large enough. This will make sure that during dry seasons enough water is maintained. A silt trap or sediment retention basin is important to keep soil from going into the pond. Also be sure you install the best quality pond aerator that you can find.
For a pond to be well maintained it is important to stock it with the correct fish population. Make sure that your pond is not stocked with stock and fish from other rivers or lakes. Find out the correct number of fish you can stock on your pond depending on the size of your pond.
Vegetation control is very important in maintaining a good pond. Getting rid of unwanted weed population can be done through various means such as grass carp. Grass carp is suitable since you are not adding chemicals to your pond; the grass carp disadvantages are, you cannot control them in the pond and may decrease underwater population. Others things used for vegetation control include chemicals such as copper sulphate.